Microwave Technology

Research and design of microwave solutions for fusion plasma experiments

Main fields of research

In present-day fusion experiments, Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) with microwaves in the range of 28 - 170 GHz at megawatt power levels are routinely used to heat plasma, to drive plasma currents and to control magnetohydrodynamic instabilities. IGVP contributes to the development of microwave heating and diagnostic components, the experimental application of the devices and the interpretation of experimental results.

For the transmission of high-power millimetre waves, oversized waveguides as well as quasi-optical transmission lines are used. IGVP designs, simulates and tests novel microwave components as well as complete transmission systems for various fusion experiments as e.g. Wendelstein 7-X, ASDEX Upgrade or ITER. IGVP develops power combiners and switches which will allow to enhance the performance of the fusion test reactor ITER. The high-power microwaves are generated by gyrotrons. At IGVP, high-voltage power supplies are designed and built, which fulfill the strict requirements of gyrotrons.

IGVP is also involved in the experiments relying on the microwave devices. On ASDEX Upgrade, the ECR heating process and the influence of ECR current drive on neoclassical tearing modes are investigated. In support of various fusion experiments, IGVP carries out full-wave simulations to study wave propagation and mode conversion in plasmas. Microwaves are also widely used for diagnosing high-temperature fusion plasmas and IGVP contributes to the Doppler reflectometry diagnostics for turbulence and flow investigations through the design of components and simulations of experimental data.

Looking for a topic? We have offers.
We offer master, bachelor and diploma theses for electrical engineers or physicists; focus and scope can be adapted accordingly, e.g. design and characterization of an imaging microwave antenna based on a multi-beam waveguide for 400 GHz.

Please contact our group leaders directly!

This image shows Carsten Lechte

Carsten Lechte

Dr. rer. nat.

Leader, Microwave Technology

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